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Unit 51. Question tags (do you? isn't it? etc.)
(краткие вопросы)

Study these examples:

Unit 51. Question tags (do you? isn't it? etc.)

Have you? and wasn't it? are question tags (= mini-questions that we often put on the end of a sentence in spoken English). In question tags, we use an auxiliary verb (have/was/will etc.).

We use do/does/did for the Present and Past Simple (see also Unit 50):

Normally we use a negative question tag after a positive sentence:

positive sentence + negative tag
Mary will be here soon,
There was a lot of traffic,
Jim should pass the exam,
  won't she?
wasn't there?
shouldn't he?

…and a positive question tag after a negative sentence:

negative tag + positive sentence
Mary won't be late,
They don't like us,
You haven't got a car,
  will she?
do they?
have you?

Notice the meaning of yes and no in answer to a negative sentence:

You're not going out today, are you? reversed bracket to table Yes. (= Yes, I am going out)
No. (= No, I am not going out)

The meaning of a question tag depends on how you say it. If your voice goes down, you aren't really asking a question; you are only inviting the listener to agree with you:

But if the voice goes up, it is a real question:

We often use a negative sentence + positive tag to ask for things or information, or to ask somebody to do something. The voice goes up at the end of the tag in sentences like these:

After Let's… the question tag is …shall we?:

After the imperative (Do… / Don't do… etc.), the tag is usually …will you?:

Note that we say …aren't I? (= am I not?):

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