Unit 44. It is said that … He is said to … (be) supposed to …
(использование оборотов It is said that …, He is said to … и (be) supposed to …)
Study this example situation:
|Henry is very old. Nobody knows exactly how old he is, but:
It is said that he is 108 years old.
He is said to be 108 years old.
Both these sentences mean: ‘People say that he is 108 years old.’
You can use these structures with a number of other verbs, especially: thought believed considered reported known expected alleged understood
Compare the two structures:
These structures are often used in news reports. For example, in a report about an accident:
- It is reported that two people were injured in the explosion. or Two people are reported to have been injured in the explosion.
(Be) supposed to
Sometimes it is supposed to… = it is said to…:
- Let's go and see that film. It's supposed to be very good. (= it is said to be very good)
- ‘Why was he arrested?’ ‘He's supposed to have kicked a policeman.’ (= he is said to have kicked a policeman)
But sometimes supposed to has a different meaning. ‘Something is supposed to happen’ = it is planned, arranged or expected. Often this is different from what really happens:
- I'd better hurry. It's nearly 8 o'clock and I'm supposed to be meeting Ann at 8.15. (= I have arranged to meet Ann, I said I would meet her)
- The train was supposed to arrive at 11.30 but it was an hour late. (= the train was expected to arrive at 11.30 according to the timetable)
- You were supposed to clean the windows. Why didn't you do it?
‘You're not supposed to do something’ = it is not allowed or advisable for you to do it:
- You're not supposed to park your car here. It's private parking only.
- Mr Bond is much better after his illness but he's still not supposed to do any heavy work. (= his doctors have advised him not to…)